By 2030, levels of diabetes in the East Midlands are expected to rise to 399,426 people or 9.3% of the adult population compared with 8.8% for England as a whole.
About 90 per cent of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. The signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes aren't always as obvious because the symptoms are often mild and develop gradually over a number of years.
This means many people may have type 2 diabetes without realising it.
Early diagnosis and treatment for type 2 diabetes is very important because it may reduce the risk of developing complications later on. Long term conditions related to diabetes include reduced kidney function and heart disease.
You are more at risk of Type 2 diabetes if:
- You're overweight or have a high Body Mass Index (BMI)
- You have a large waist (more than 80cm/31.5 inches in women, 94 cm/37 inches in men or 90cm/35 inches in South Asian men)
- You're from an African-Caribbean, Black African, Chinese or South Asian background and over 25
- You're from another ethnic background and over 40
- You have a parent, brother or sister with diabetes
- You have ever had high blood pressure, a heart attack or a stroke
- You have a history of polycystic ovaries, gestational diabetes or have given birth to a baby over 10 pounds/4.5kg
- You suffer from schizophrenia, bipolar illness or depression, or you are taking anti-psychotic medication
- You have impaired glucose regulation